And again the weekend, and again nothing to do — why not try to work in the new Ubuntu 19.10? Looking ahead, I want to say that I was pleased with my optimization, but wildly upset by the issues with installing the Nvidia drivers. But anyway, this problem has been solved — because the Internet is full of good Linux users and typical problems.
Perhaps this is the only thing that can cause rejection. Otherwise, the system is good. But let’s install it! In this article we will discuss how to install Ubuntu step by step 19.10.
System requirements Ubuntu 19.10
According to the official documentation, system requirements for Ubuntu desktop are the following:
- Processor: dual core 2 GHz;
- RAM: 4 GB;
- Disk space: 25 GB or an external drive of the same size;
- Monitor resolution of 1024×768;
- DVD or USB flash drive to write the installation image;
- The Internet connection is not necessary but desirable.
Preparing to install
Step 1. Downloading the image
Click on this link http://releases.ubuntu.com/19.10/ and downloading the image. We need a Desktop image:
Step 2. Writing the image to a USB flash drive
As usual, if you have Linux, then download Unebootin; if you have Windows, then download Rufus. The links are provided.
Step 3. BIOS setup
Restart the PC and go into BIOS. We need to go to the tab Boot and specify in item 1st Boot Device your USB.
If you have UEFI, press immediately after a reboot, F8 or F10, and then we get to the boot menu and BIOS settings without. Here you can choose your install image and will load without BIOS setup.
Installing Ubuntu 19.10
Step 4. Language selection
Now we can install ubuntu 19.10. Here is the menu you will be welcomed after booting from the installation image:
Among other available languages, choose Russian. This is optional, but better Russian than, say, Swahili. You can even to put the English, but this is the most convenient.
Step 5. The keyboard layout
Choose the right for you. I chose Russian. Once selected click Continue.
Step 6. Updates and other programs
Note all the checkboxes. If you choose minimal installation, then after installation is complete, the software will remove all additional software. But we should not forget that this is not a typical build with torrents, and the official product. Can
not afraid that there will be anything remotely resembling the debris.
Step 7. Disk layout
This menu system offers you several mounting options. In one of them the hard drive completely clean (even from other systems). In any case the developer took care of us and pointed out all the necessary information by using footnotes, the Note and the Warning.
We choose Another option. Thus we will divide the hard disk as it is necessary for us.
Step 8. Partition table
If your hard disk is empty, you first need to create the partition table. Click on the New table topics, and here we get the warning:
Click on Continue and go further.
As you can see we had space. Now it is necessary to distribute. To system requires 3 sections:
- the /boot partition for the boot loader;
- / section for the system;
- the /home partition for user files.
Step 9. The /boot partition (the boot loader)
Alternately, let’s create the partitions. We direct the cursor on the Free space,
we click and click on the sign plus. As this loader, I recommend to install
a minimum of 500 MB. This is the best option.
Mountpoint must specify as /boot, we do loader do. And what about file system, I can say that ext4 you do not need, so better to choose the most simple ext2.
Step 10. Partition for system
Again we perform the manipulation from the past of the item and create another partition — system. It’s the operating system. It is better to choose the filesystem ext4, and mount point to specify /. Size at least 10 GB, but rather in the region of 40 GB, then you have enough space for programs.
Step 11. Home section
All the remaining space, we give a favorite — into the category of user. File
system choose ext4 and mount point write /home.
Step 12. The completion of the sections
In the end I have it looks that way:
When you make sure that all the sections indicated exactly as it should, then click on Install now.
To confirm, click on Continue.
Step 13. Time zone
Select your time zone:
Step 14. Create user
Everything is simple, specify the user name and other parameters. Since I love to risk, then put a check in Login automatically. This means that the system will not ask
password at startup and anyone can get into it.
Step 15. Installation complete
We have to wait until the installation is complete Ubuntu 19.10:
Wait 15-20 minutes. At the end appears this message:
You need to reboot the device and retrieve the media on which the system is in.
Step 16. The initial launch
Rebooted and here we see a loading screen. Beautiful, minimalistic:
After a few moments I am greeted by Desk:
Here you can immediately login to the desired account.
Step 17. Privacy settings
I don’t want to help to improve something, because I like this result. But seriously, I’m the guy who uses AdBlock while browsing YouTube, thus save yourself from the essential garbage. Here as well, but you may think differently.
Step 18. Application Manager
Here you can select the desired application from app center and install them for
use. Very cool stuff, and even VLC on the first page!
Step 20. Updates
In the end I was waiting for a notification about the update. I recommend not to forget to update the system
so click on Install now and wait for when they downloaded the update.
In my opinion, installing Ubuntu 19.10 very simple, don’t you think? And Yes, in General it is better not to hurry with the installation of the OS immediately after the release, and to wait until the developers will fix possible bugs, and even better to wait for the LTS version of Ubuntu 20.04.