Working with files in Ubuntu is done through the appropriate Manager. All of the distributions developed on the Linux kernel, allows the user to fully modify the appearance of the OS, by loading different shell. It is important to choose a suitable option to make the interaction with objects as comfortable as possible. Then we will talk about the best file managers for Ubuntu, we will discuss their advantages and disadvantages, as well as provide commands for installing.
Nautilus is installed in Ubuntu by default, so I would like to start with him in the first place. This Manager was designed with the emphasis on novice users, the navigation is quite convenient, the panel with all the partitions is on the left, where you add shortcuts to quick launch. I want to mention and support for multiple tabs, switching between which is performed through the top panel. Nautilus is able to work in the preview mode, it concerns text, images, sound and video.
In addition, the user is available to every change the user interface — adding bookmarks, logos, reviews, installation backgrounds for Windows and a separate custom scripts. From web browsers, this Manager took the function to save browsing history and directory of the individual objects. It is important to note that Nautilus keeps track of the changes file immediately after you make them without the need to refresh the screen, what is found in other shells.
Krusader unlike Nautilus already has a more complex appearance due to the double implementation. It supports extended functionality for working with different types of archives, sinhroniziruete catalogues, allows you to work with mounted file systems and FTP. In addition, Krusader incorporated a good search script, viewer, and edit text, you can set hot keys, and compare files by content.
In each open tab, the view mode is configured separately, so you can customize the working environment individually for themselves. Each panel supports the simultaneous opening of several folders. I advise to pay attention to the bottom panel, which contains the main buttons, as well as hotkeys to launch them. Installing Krusader is made through a standard “Terminal” by typing the command
sudo apt-get install krusader.
In our today’s list should definitely include a file Manager with text interface. This decision is most useful when there is no possibility to start graphical environment or need to operate via a console or a different emulator “Terminal”. One of the main advantages is considered to be the Midnight Commander’s built-in text editor with syntax highlighting and custom user menu that starts the standard by pressing F2.
If you notice the above screenshot, you will see that Midnight Commander works through two panels showing the contents of folders. At the top to indicate the current directory. Navigate folders and open files is only possible using keys on the keyboard. Installed this file Manager with the command
sudo apt-get install mcand run via the console by typing
Konqueror is a major component of the graphic shell KDE acts as a browser and file Manager at the same time. Now this tool is divided into two different applications. Manager allows you to manage files and directories using an icon view, drag and drop, copy and deletion is performed the usual way. The Manager is completely transparent, allows to work with archives, FTP servers, resources, SMB (Windows) and optical disks.
In addition, it is also supported by split view for multiple tabs, allowing you to interact directly with two or more directories. Added terminal panel for quick access to the console, and there is also a tool to batch rename files. The downside is the lack of automatic saving when changing the appearance of individual tabs. To install Konqueror in a console is using the command
sudo apt-get install konqueror.
Dolphin — another project created by the KDE community, which is known to a wide circle of users thanks to its unique desktop shell. This file Manager a bit like discussed above, but has some peculiarities. The eye catches the appearance is improved, but the standard is open only one panel, the second you want to create with their own hands. You have the ability to preview files before opening, customize the view mode (the view through the icons, details or columns). Worth to mention a navigation bar on top — it allows you to conveniently navigate through directories.
There is support for multiple tabs, but after closing the window, saving is not happening, so we have to start all over again the next time you access Dolphin. Built-in and additional panels — information about directories, objects, and console. The installation reviewed all of the environment also carried out with a single line, and it looks like this:
sudo apt-get install dolphin.
Double Commander is a bit like a mix of Midnight Commander, with Krusader, but it is not based on KDE, which can be a decisive factor when choosing a Manager for specific users. The reason is that applications developed for KDE, if you install Gnome add quite a large number of third-party add-ons, and it does not always satisfy advanced users. In Double Commander, together with the underlying library elements graphical GTK+ interface. This Manager supports the Unicode standard (character encoding), a tool for the optimization of directories, mass editing the files, embedded text editor and a utility to interact with the archives.
Integrated support and network interactions, for example, FTP or Samba. The interface is divided into two panels, which increases the usability. As for adding Double Commander in Ubuntu, it occurs through the sequential input of three different commands and the loading of libraries through a custom repository:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:alexx2000/doublecmd.
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install doublecmd-gtk
The developers of the file Manager XFE claim that it consumes much less resources compared to competitors, while offering enough flexible configuration and broad functionality. You available manually configure the color scheme, replace the icons and use the built-in themes. You can drag and drop files, but for their intended open additional configuration is required, causing difficulties for the inexperienced users.
In one of the latest versions of XFE translation into Russian language was improved, adding the ability to adjust the scroll bar size, and the optimized custom commands for Monteroni and unmounting via the dialog box. As you can see, XFE constantly evolving, fixed bugs and added many new things. Finally, I will leave command to install the file Manager from the official repository:
sudo apt-get install xfe.
After downloading a new file Manager to set it as active through the modification of system files, alternately opening them via commands:
sudo nano /usr/share/applications/nautilus-home.desktop
sudo nano /usr/share/applications/nautilus-computer.desktop
There replace the lines TryExec=nautilus and Exec=nautilus on
Exec=niswanger. The same actions execute in file
/usr/share/applications/nautilus-folder-handler.desktop, running it via
sudo nano. There changes are as follows:
Exec=name of the Manager of %U
Now you are familiar with the basic file management but also the procedure of their installation in Ubuntu. Consider the fact that sometimes the official store is not available, so in the console you’ll see a notification. For the solution follow the displayed instructions or go to the home page of the site Manager to find out about potential problems.