Installation of AntiX Linux can take 5-10 minutes depending on the speed of your computer, it is a given that the distribution is designed just for old computers, is itself quite complex, accompanied with hints and explanations at every step.
In this article we will tell you about where to get the distribution, how to download it to your computer as quickly and easily install AntiX Linux. Will examine the most challenging aspects of the installation, from downloading the image before the appearance of the graphic shell.
- Installation Of AntiX Linux
- Step 1. Downloading the image
- Step 2. Capture an image
- Step 3. Setting computer boot from USB drive
- Step 4. Start the computer with Live-CD
- Step 5. Installation on hard disk
- Step 6. A breakdown of hard disk partitions
- Step 7. The name of the computer
- Step 8. Setting the time zone and time
- Step 9. Adding users
- Step 10. Installation complete
Installation Of AntiX Linux
First, you need to carry out preparatory work, that is to download the distribution and burn it’s contents to the media.
Step 1. Downloading the image
To download image of AntiX Linux from the developer site. To do this, go to the download page image by clicking on the link Download.
Select a mirror site that hosts the distribution of one of the four versions (full, base, core, net), as well as determine the bitness — 32 or 64. Make sure that your computer hardware is compatible with 64-bit OS, if you decide to choose this width. On the website there is also a possibility for faster downloads in multiple threads using torrent files.
Step 2. Capture an image
After downloading the image to hard disk its contents must be recorded on any media. This can be as a CD or DVD, and flash drives. This is used by many utilities (e.g., Etcher, Rufus, dd), we use the utility Unetbootin. The procedure for creating a Live CD with it:
- Insert the flash drive into the USB port.
- Run the utility called Unetbootin.
- Select the image file for the entry, specify the parameters, if required.
- Usually the utility itself automatically selects the drive on which it is possible to capture the image. If this has not happened for some reasons (for example, drives more than one), select the drive manually. Click OK to start recording the image on a flash drive.
Download the program Unetbootin on the site https://unetbootin.github.io.
Step 3. Setting computer boot from USB drive
Order boot configuration computer you prepared the stick:
- Insert the flash drive into the USB port.
- Then restart the computer.
- Enter BIOS setup utility. To do this, during boot up of the computer press Del or F2 (depending on BIOS manufacturer).
- Navigate to the section loading media.
- Select the option to boot from USB (to set the sequence of boot can be using the keys F6, F5).
Step 4. Start the computer with Live-CD
Reboot. See the initial window of the loader. Press F2 to select the interface language.
Next, select the first item in the main menu by downloading the AntiX Linux environment in RAM. Many actions can already be done from in this Live mode, but you should know that after a reboot most of the changes on the computer will not be saved.
Step 5. Installation on hard disk
Start the installation by clicking the icon on your desktop with the image of a round disk and called Install in the left side of the screen.
After launching the installer a window will appear with a greeting and a proposal to change the keyboard settings in preferences. By default, the installer offers to install the keyboard layouts for two languages — English and Russian. Agree with the proposed option and click Next.
Step 6. A breakdown of hard disk partitions
In the next window, the user is given the opportunity to partition the hard drive into partitions. If installed on a blank unpartitioned drive, you can click On. The installer will then perform a breakdown of the sections automatically. If you already have Linux experience, or have already installed another OS, such as Windows, it would be better to perform this breakdown alone.
The process of creating new sections may seem complex, but really not far from it. In order to correctly partition the disk first, run the tool sections by pressing the corresponding button:
Utility starts Gparted, for performing disk partitioning. If the disk is empty, create a new partition table. To do this, select the menu item Device and then submenu item Create partition table. Select the main menu Section and then the menu item New.
A window will appear in which you will need to set the parameters of created partition. First, create the root partition root. In field Free space , specify 512 MB (this is reserved for swap). Set the disc label, specify the size and then click Add.
The same way to create the swappartition. It is required for the application in a situation if there is a shortage of RAM. When setting the partition size of swap is recommended to specify a value slightly greater than the RAM size. This will allow you to work more comfortable with applications that require lots of memory. Specify the amount of the new partition (in this case 512 MB), a label swap, and select file system — linux-swap. Click Add.
The next step is to create a custom partition homeused to store user files. Operations similar to the previous one. You can also set a label home, but as file system, select ext4.
Make sure that all free space of your hard disk used and is used exactly as you intended. After creating all the partitions needed to accept your changes by selecting the check box at the top of the window.
Close Gparted and in the next window, confirm the installation create partitions.
In conclusion, I will agree with destroying the data on the disc, confirming their consent by clicking OK. This will begin the process of creating partitions, formatting them, and then install AntiX Linux.
Step 7. The name of the computer
To identify the computer on the network, it must have a name. The domain name can be omitted.
Step 8. Setting the time zone and time
The following installer window, specify a time zone and set the current time and the default language of the interface. Specify the format of the displayed time — 24-hour or 12-hour.
If you have any questions on the left side of the screen are handy tips on each of the items in Russian or English.
Step 9. Adding users
Next, add users to the system. Specify the name of the first user, and password. In addition, specify the password for the superuser root —administrator OS (this account provides full access to all the functions of the operating system to use it is necessary very carefully).
Important! The password must be at least 7 characters long, and contain letters, numbers and symbols in different registers. This will allow you to securely protect your system from hacking.
If you want when you enter the system did not prompt a password window to add a new user, select Login.
Step 10. Installation complete
In the last step, you will configure the equipment. Will install additional programs and drivers for the correct operation of all components and peripherals. In addition, by configuring the configuration files, install and configure a working environment. Don’t forget also that at the end of the installation the device drivers and can even will need to install manually. Fresh drivers are usually more efficient. In addition, for many specific devices (e.g., scanners) in the database drivers appropriate and modern may not be.
Restart the computer upon completion of installation process in order to make the installation process changes took effect. After reboot will be fully loaded ready working environment AntiX Linux.
The main advantage of the Linux distribution AntiX — simple and understandable step-by-step installation with the possibility of a rich selection of settings and support at each step, handy tips and valuable explanations.
Select an operating system AntiX Linux, use it for work and study, and our site will in turn continue to please you with new interesting articles!