Unlike Windows, where there are only a few versions of the same operating system, and very clear, which you must select in the Linux world is much more complicated. There are many different distributions all have advantages and disadvantages, so a beginner can easily be confused.
I have several years in a row, mainly Ubuntu. I used to use such distros like Gentoo, ArchLinux, OpenSUSE, Fedora, CentOS, but were at the point where you started – on-Ubuntu. In this article I want to give you 10 reasons to use Ubuntu as the main system. I’m not going to compare it with Windows – this has been a few articles. Instead, I’m going to compare it with other Linux distributions.
8 reasons to use Ubuntu
1. This is the most popular distribution
What are different ratings, for example from Wikipedia or Distrowatch, Ubuntu is one of the most used Linux distributions for the desktop. When assessing the popularity of the distro I am guided not on indicators such as number of visits with one or another operating system on the website.
This indicator is not objective, because not all users of a distribution visit Distrowatch or Losst. And others visited several times. Therefore, statistics can be very distorted. A more interesting measure is the number of queries about a particular distribution in the search engines, for example, in Yandex. According to statistics Yandex, Russian users ask most about Ubuntu. In second place is Debian, and Linux Mint only on the third. The Google Trends about it all a little different, but in General Ubuntu is also in the first place.
2. For more Ubuntu documentation
For beginners it is important to have somewhere to read the documentation. The more popular a distro, the more information about it on the Internet. On Ubuntu there is an extensive official documentation, including in Russian. Articles on Losst uncover almost everything that may relate to Ubuntu. There are many sites where you can find information about this distribution, as well as a huge number of Russian forums where beginners can ask a question or find a solution to the problem.
There is even a special resource for questions about Ubuntu askubuntu. However, it is in English language. But there is just have the answers 99% of questions can generally occur in both novice and experienced users.
There is no dispute that Debian, with its thoroughly tested stable packages for Ubuntu. But Ubuntu is stable enough to use it as the main system for your home computer. Especially if you choose an LTS version. Version with long term support released every two years. Is 16.04, 18.04, 20.04, and so on.
If the system is not to break and not to go further than they should, it is stable enough for everyday use and contains a relatively new software.
4. Hardware support
All the hardware drivers in Linux are sewn into the operating system kernel or supplied as separate kernel modules that are connected during boot. Lately in most distributions the situation with the drivers is getting better. Previously, the proprietary firmware for drivers not supplied with the system now, if you tick while installing, Ubuntu will download all the required firmware and you will not need to do anything.
In many other distros too, there is no such problem, and some have. For example the same Debian. The task of installing Wi-Fi driver without Internet can be very challenging for beginners and experienced users will just be too lazy to do it, if you can do. Therefore, the distributions, where the proprietary firmware installed automatically is preferable. In addition, Ubuntu has a handy utility for installing drivers and Ubuntu developers have created a tool to automatically connect modern printers, without installing additional drivers.
5. The availability of programs and libraries
The user is more important, not the operating system itself, and those which he would enjoy it. Debian and Ubuntu, as its heir, the lead in this regard. In repositories of these distributions is more than the whole package compared to other distributions.
In addition, the great popularity of Ubuntu is doing its job, and even if the program is not in the repositories on the official website of its developer, if a program has a version for Linux, be sure to have a package for Ubuntu. In Ubuntu there is a PPA where you can get a lot of useful programs and their new versions, there is also the center of applications with snap-packs, where users and developers are placing more and more applications for the desktop.
When I used other distributions, and I’m not talking about Gentoo, for example, OpenSUSE or CentOS, then install some programs often had problems. You can simply put the program if it is in the repositories. But if the program is not popular, and it is not there then the installation can cause many problems. In addition, the Assembly of programs from source and install to bypass the package Manager is a very wrong approach. Ubuntu problem with that is almost no.
With the advent of universal AppImage Flatpack packages and the situation has improved slightly, but they have not gained sufficient popularity among developers.
6. The LiveCD Mode
Ubuntu was the first distro that received the LiveCD mode, in which the user could boot from optical disk or USB drive and see what is operating system prior to installation. Perhaps it was one of the reasons why Ubuntu has gained great popularity at the dawn of its development.
In LiveCD mode you can not only see on the system, but fully use it during the installation. For example, browse websites, listen to movies, or to open video files. This makes installation and problem-solving that occurred during installation easier. Of course, many distributions also already supports Live-mode, many, but not all, e.g. Debian, Fedora and CentOS are not supported.
7. Easy installation
To install Ubuntu is no big deal. It is very similar to Windows. Before you will be a beautiful installer, which almost do not need to make difficult decisions and it is sufficient to click Next. Of course, if you install Ubuntu next to Windows to take care that the new system has not removed the old one, but that’s another story.
The Ubuntu installer is easier and clearer than the other distributions (Fedora, CentOS). And with such distros like ArchLinux and Gentoo installer, it is possible not to compare. Because there is a need to establish a system of commands from the terminal. Of course, there are graphical installers, but it is not for beginners.
8. Available edition
By default Ubuntu comes with the Gnome desktop environment. It’s a great environment, but if you don’t like it, Ubuntu has several official revisions to other environments:
- Kubuntu (KDE);
- Xubuntu (XFCE);
- Lubuntu (LXDE);
- Ubuntu MATE
- Ubuntu Budgie
Still have Ubuntu Studio, Edubuntu, and Ubuntu Kylin, which is already pre-installed required software for the solution of certain problems. I have always been a supporter of the use of the environment, which comes with the distribution. In this case Gnome. But if you are not a beginner then why not try other editors?
Disadvantages Of Ubuntu
In addition to pros, this distribution also has disadvantages. For me the main drawback of Ubuntu is that it is updated. The version without long term support is relevant only for nine months, then you need to reinstall the system to continue to receive security updates. Version with long term support (LTS) “lives” for five years. But you only get security updates and kernel updates.
Version updates programs, they remain the same as it was during release, so if you want to get new versions of software will have to use a PPA (which is not always possible) or, again, to reinstall the system. And is the loss of all installed programs and the loss of time setting up. In Ubuntu there is a mechanism for upgrading from version to version, but it doesn’t always work well. As someone who used distributions from sliding updates, such as Gentoo and Arch Linux, I understand that it is very inconvenient. But that’s the price for stability we have to pay.
In this article, we reviewed 8 reasons why you should choose Ubuntu and use it on your computer. What are some other advantages of Ubuntu, you know? What are the disadvantages? Write in the comments!