Today we look at a Fedora installation with the online installer and will be able to see the differences with Debian GNU/Linux installation about which we wrote earlier. Step by step I will describe the entire process so that issues will not remain even for a beginner.
First, of course, need to download the netinst image. For downloading and burning to a USB flash drive from Fedora has its own program — the Fedora Media Writer. Unfortunately, the links to the image of the Network Installer in it, but it can be found on the website of Fedora.
The site Fedora
The netinstall weighs in at about 600MB, is versatile and can be used to install any edition of Fedora or your own set of favorite packages.
For BIOS systems and UEFI there is no separate media; they can all boot from the same ISO image. However, Fedora does not support UEFI booting for 32-bit x86 systems. On these systems only supports the BIOS boot.
Select the image (e.g. Fedora Workstation 64 bit) and download it here. Next, the captured image to a USB flash drive using Fedora Media Writer, Rufus or other favorite tool, though Fedora still recommends their.
A custom BIOS to boot from stick, run.
Start with the stick. Not very convenient color selection of the active zone, right?
Press “Enter”, wait for the completion of the test and start the installation.
Select the installation language and the system. The language selected in this screen will be used during installation, and will also be used in the installed system by default.
Start the setup…
English layout put first, click “Finish”: Ukrainian, Russian, Belarusian or other non-Latin layout then there may be problems in the process of introducing a username and password.
Added language support American English and, if necessary, other languages. Optionally, you can add additional layout options (you can also add them later in the installed system).
Select your time zone.
Setting up the network. As the article I put Fedora on a virtual machine, I have a network picks up immediately.
When you install, say, on a real laptop on the left of the arrow appears on the select network adapter wi-fi. You have to select it — right in the center of the rectangle, a menu will appear with a choice of wi-fi networks. Select your network, type in a password and connect (if the driver will not be picked up, use wired Internet). Then at the bottom left, enter the system name, click “Apply”, “Done”.
The extra trim installer
Installation source: choose the mirror nearest to you. Update: remove a tick that has been downloaded and installed all the updates (when installed with the included tick or liveISO, for example, today will have to download and install one or two gigabytes of updates), click “done”.
Where to install something?
On the selection screen of the installation location designated by the target drive (each defines a bootable flash drive). The layout of the disk, select “your way,” encrypt — to choose from, click “done”.
Getting started with disks
The layout we have, as you know, must be manually. By default, Fedora provides a partitioning scheme for LVM, but you can select dynamic LVM, Btrfs, standard sections. Select “Standard partition” , press “Create them automatically”.
The system spaced the disk, we can reset and mark from scratch or modify the layout at your discretion, like I did. The /boot partition, we do not touch, the rest of the sections spaced to your liking.
When marking important units of measurement to specify the language of the installed system (in our case — Russian ), switching to it by clicking on the icon in the upper right corner of the installer window.
At the end of the layout click “Finish”, “Accept changes.”
The choice of programs is a matter of taste. Here you can assemble as you wish. I leave the default Fedora Workstation.
And installations a lot!
Try any any.
Click “Start installation”…
The setting is finished and you can start actually installing.
Creating users. Here everything is standard. If you need su and sudo, make a user an administrator (in liveISO su is added manually after installation). You can also configure additional options for the user.
After that, reboot, restore the BIOS settings.
The installation is finished! The output we get an updated Fedora collected to your taste.
Image: screenshots of the author from open sources