Ubuntu and Fedora is one of the most popular Linux distributions. Make the decision to use Ubuntu and Fedora is not so easy. I will try to help you to choose by comparing various features of Ubuntu and Fedora.
Please note that the comparison in the first place, from the point of view of the user. I will not dwell on some versions of Fedora or Ubuntu.
Ubuntu vs Fedora: Which is better?
Ubuntu vs Fedora
Almost all Linux distributions differ from each other mainly by the following parameters:
- The base distribution (Debian, Red Hat, Arch or from scratch)
- Supported desktop environments
- Package management, software support and updating
- Hardware support
- The team (supported by the Corporation or created by fans)
- The release cycle
- Community and support
Let’s see how similar and how different from each other Ubuntu and Fedora. Once that becomes clear, you will probably be easier to make a choice.
The Ubuntu Ubiquity installer is one of the easiest. I believe that it played an important role in the popularity of Ubuntu, because when Ubuntu was created in 2004, the installation of Linux was considered a huge task.
This installer allows you to install Ubuntu in about 10 minutes. In most cases it can identify the version of Windows installed in your system, and allows you to perform dual boot Ubuntu and Windows in a few clicks.
You can also install updates and third-party codecs while installing Ubuntu. This is an additional advantage.
The Ubuntu Installer
Fedora uses the Anaconda installer. It also simplifies the setup process with simple-to-use interface. But I believe that the Ubuntu installer is easier.
The Installer For Fedora | Fedora Magazine Image Credit
Fedora also has a tool support Media Writer to create a bootable USB drive with Fedora for the Windows operating system. But when I last tried using it about two years ago, Fedora Media Writer didn’t work, I had to use a standard utility to create a bootable USB drive.
In my experience, installing Ubuntu is easier than installing Fedora. This does not mean that your Fedora installation is a complicated process. But Ubuntu is easier to set.
Desktop task desktop
Ubuntu and Fedora use a default GNOME desktop.
The GNOME desktop in Fedora
While Fedora uses the standard GNOME desktop, in Ubuntu it is configured so that resembles in appearance and functionality of the previous desktop Unity.
The GNOME desktop is configured in Ubuntu
In addition to GNOME and Ubuntu, and Fedora offer a few other options for the desktop.
Ubuntu has Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, etc., different versions are available desktops. Although they are the official versions of Ubuntu, they are not developed directly by the Canonical team from Ubuntu, they have other developers.
Fedora provides various options for your desktop in the form of Fedora Spins . Unlike Kubuntu, Lubuntu etc. they are not created or maintained by separate teams. They are created by the developers of Fedora Core.
Package management and software availability
Ubuntu uses the APT package Manager to provide and control software (applications, libraries, and others, requiring a code), while Fedora uses a package Manager DNF.
Ubuntu has a large repository of software, allowing you to easily install thousands of programs, as FOSS and not FOSS. On the other hand, Fedora is focused on providing software only, open source. This is changing in newer versions, but the Fedora repositories are still not as large as the Ubuntu repositories.
Some third-party software developers also provide programs that are installed on the principle of setting a single click with extension .exe for Linux. In Ubuntu these packages are in PDF format .deb and Fedora support packages .rpm.
Most software providers provide like the DEB and RPM for Linux users, but I found that sometimes the software vendor provides only the DEB file. For example, the SEO tool Screaming Frog only has DEB packages. Very rarely the software is available in RPM, but not in DEB format.
With Linux, in General, have problems with some Wi-Fi adapters and graphics cards. This has been influenced by Ubuntu and Fedora. For example, Nvidia. This driver Nouveau open source often leads to issues such as system hanging at boot .
Ubuntu provides an easy way to install additional proprietary drivers. This results in better hardware support in many cases.
Installing proprietary drivers is easier in Ubuntu
On the other hand, Fedora adheres to software open-source, so installing proprietary drivers on Fedora is a challenge.
Support and user base
And Ubuntu and Fedora support forums community. Ubuntu has two main forum: UbuntuForums and Ask Ubuntu . At Fedora there is one main forum Ask Fedora .
From the point of view of the user base, Fedora have a lot of followers. However, Ubuntu in General is more popular and has more followers than Fedora.
The popularity of Ubuntu has given rise to a number of web sites and blogs focused primarily on Ubuntu. So you will get more Troubleshooting tips and training materials on Ubuntu than on Fedora.
The release cycle
The new version of Fedora is released every six months, and each release of Fedora is only supported for thirteen months. This means that from six to thirteen months, you must upgrade. Update Fedora version is simple, but requires a good Internet connection. Not everyone will be happy with 1.5 GB of updates every nine months.
Ubuntu has two versions: regular and long-term support (LTS). The usual issue is similar to a Fedora release. He comes out with an interval of six months, and sustained for nine months.
Release LTS is released every two years and maintained for five years. Regular releases have new features, new versions of the software, while the LTS release support old versions. This makes it a great choice for people who don’t like frequent changes and prefer stability.
Stable base distributions
Ubuntu is based on Debian . Debian is one of the largest community projects and one of the most respected projects in the world of free software .
Fedora is a community project from Red Hat. Red Hat – enterprise Linux distribution. Fedora works as a “polygon” (upstream in the technical sense) for new features before these features are included in Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
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Ubuntu and Fedora are supported by their parent corporations. Ubuntu – Canonical, Fedora and Red Hat (now part of IBM ). Corporate support is important because it ensures that the Linux distribution has good support.
Amateur distributions created by a group of people, often spilling from the load. You may have seen that is quite popular projects, distributions have been closed for that sole reason. Antergos , Korora – just some of the many such examples, when the spread of the distributions was discontinued because the developers lacked sufficient free time to work on the project.
The fact that Ubuntu and Fedora are supported two companies with Linux makes them a preferred choice compared to other independent distributions.
Ubuntu vs Fedora as a server
A comparison between Ubuntu and Fedora is primarily aimed at users. But the discussion of Linux is not completed yet it will not include the servers.
Ubuntu is not only popular for users, but also works well on servers. If you are familiar with Ubuntu as the operating system of a desktop computer, most likely will not feel discomfort and Ubuntu Server Edition. I started with a version of Ubuntu for users, and now my sites are hosted on Linux servers running Ubuntu.
Have Fedora also has server version, and some people also use it. But most system administrators do not choose the server that you want to update and reboot every nine months.
Knowledge of Fedora will help you in using Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). RHEL is a paid product, and you will have to purchase a subscription. If you need the operating system to run servers close to Fedora / Red Hat, I suggest you to use CentOS. CentOS is a community project associated with Red Hat, but this project is focused on the servers.
As you can see, Ubuntu, and Fedora are similar to each other on several points. Ubuntu wins when the question concerns the availability of software, drivers and online support. And that’s what makes Ubuntu the best choice, especially for inexperienced Linux users.
If you want to meet Red Hat, Fedora is a good starting point. If you have some experience with Linux or you want to use only software from open source Fedora is a great choice.
In the end, you decide whether you want to use Fedora or Ubuntu. I would suggest to create a bootable pendrive of both distributions, or try them on a virtual machine.
What is your opinion about Ubuntu compared to Fedora? Which distribution do you prefer and why? Share your thoughts in the comments section.
Translation of the article: https://itsfoss.com/ubuntu-vs-fedora/