If you upgrade to Ubuntu 20.04 LTS from the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, you will find that your new OS looks and behaves a little differently than the one you used previously.
This is due to the fact that the cumulative changes from Ubuntu 18.10 “Cosmic Cuttlefish” and to Ubuntu 20.04 “Focal Fossa”, in General, is a pretty substantial set.
No need to panic!
To help you and others brave “bionic beaver” to navigate the city “Focal Fossa”, I compiled the following “guide to finding functions.” In it I highlight 18 the most notable changes between 18.04 and 20.04 LTS LTS.
Note: the following list is dedicated to the changes between LTS releases. If you are using Ubuntu 18.10, 19.10 19.04 or you already have (most of) these functions.
18.04 and 20.04: find eighteen differences
1. New dashing bow
Let’s start with the obvious changes: the appearance of Ubuntu.
You just can’t help but notice that the Ubuntu desktop has undergone some changes since the last LTS release drama. We’re talking about the difference between day and night, which not only increases the attractiveness of the distribution while it is certainly very important, but also facilitates use of the system.
ubuntu 18.04 LTS
ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Yaru GTK and icon themes (which were known as “Communitheme” in 2018) rebuild every digital corner, crack and nook and cranny of desktop Ubuntu, from window borders to menu of the right mouse button, application icons and much more.
Dark UI elements of GNOME shell (for example, status menu, notification bar, etc.) inferior to their lighter options (although you can choose the most dark variation in Focal, if you really want to).
2. Favorite files in Nautilus …
Ubuntu 20.04 comes with the latest Nautilus (which is often referred to under the simple name of Files). Since 3.26 Nautilus, the file Manager was included the possibility to choose the favorite files (or in the language GNOME “star”).
This simple feature allows you easily mark your favorite files and folders in your file system and re-access them at any time as a group of bookmarks “Tagged” at the top of the sidebar.
But that’s not all….
3…. Enjoy dynamic resizing…
This is one of those, seemingly insignificant, but long asks in the implementation of the changes. Simply put, the Nautilus file Manager now evenly distributes the distance between the files / folders when changing window size.
This allows you to display more elements in each row and each column, which is convenient, especially if you monitor regularly Packed directories or filesystems.
Life changed dramatically? It seems not, but still, even though it is a small but clear victory.
4…. and more versatile Path Bar
Finally, the path line in the “new” the Nautilus file Manager is smarter than the old one.
For example, you can now right-click the mouse on the Toolbox of ways to get access to a list of useful actions, for example, to a new folder, bookmark, select all, open in terminal and stuff.
But the most significant change is the unification of Windows search for files with the string path, which is much more convenient variant of version 18.04 where the search window has existed as a separate drop-down field.
5. Access drives from the docking station Ubuntu
It will save a little time.
When you insert a USB flash drive, SD card or external hard drive to the system Focal, and the docking station Ubuntu, there is a handy shortcut to it. Click on the icon to open the root folder in Nautilus, or right-click the mouse to get access to the option “extract”.
If you connect a lot of drives / partitions / devices, and find that the icons take up too much space in the docking station Ubuntu, you can disable this option with the command dconf.
6. Thunderbolt is coming
Ubuntu 18.04 gave you some control over the connected Thunderbolt devices 3. 20.04 in these controls was a lot more (and they are a bit easier to use). Just connect the compatible device TB3 and open “Settings” > “Thunderbolt”to see the available options.
What if you won’t see the Thunderbolt? Izi, this is because the application “Settings” now hides the panel for equipment which is not available in your system.
Such a nice attention, right? ☺app
7. Simple (more simple) Wallpaper setting
Ubuntu no longer forces you to set separate backgrounds for your desktop and lock screen. (Stunning.) New lock screen takes your desktop Wallpaper and apply the blur.
Change of background is also much easier with the help of the user interface, as you are no longer restricted by the choice of image resolution .jpgstored on the top level of your folder ~ / Pictures.
Just click the big button “+” in the menu “Settings” > “Background”and you will be able to choose ANY compatible image file from LITERALLY from ANYWHERE on your file system, including removable drives.
8. A more elegant application of the terminal
“Today, if you open terminal, you’re in for a big surprise…”
Yes, GNOME Terminal is fully integrated with the title bar CSD / GTK somewhere so the year 2018. I have never had a problem with it as well, and with the old “headline”. But it seems to me a much smarter and neater than the former, something like a tool like Tilix.
9. Fractional scale – finally!
Ubuntu offers only 100% or 200% for zoom options out of the box, which is not very good, if you turn on the HiDPI display, or something equally hetrulycomes.
But only one click “of the slider fractional scaling” is all that is needed to unlock additional options, fractional scaling, such as 125% and 150%, the command line is no longer required!
While it’s nice to see this feature available, keep in mind that fractional scaling in the sessions with the X11 interfaces are still a bit rough. Depending on your configuration you may find that fractional scaling leads to higher CPU usage or screen tearing during window animation.
10. Create custom application folders
The Apps screen in GNOME Shell learned a few new tricks since the Bionic Beaver. Chief among them is the ability to easily create custom applications.
Just drag any icon to another icon on the application screen and re – create your custom folder. GNOME shell can (depending on the bundled apps) to offer auto name folders based on categories, but you can set your own name directly in the moment of creation.
Applications folder are displayed in a line among the regular application shortcuts, in alphabetical order. To delete an application folder, simply remove it from every app icon at a time.
11. Faster access to Google Drive
The Nautilus file Manager (with gfvs) for a long time may show remote connections, including service cloud storage Google Drive, on the side panel.
But the performance when accessing remote mount has increased significantly in 2018. Load time, especially in directories with a dense number of files decreased significantly, especially in Google Drive (the service I use).
Although you can’t “synchronize” the files and folders in Google Drive with folders and files on your desktop, you can access, edit, copy and transfer files is the task file Manager now cope as well as possible.
12. OEM logo during boot
For a short moment a new Ubuntu spends on the download because the download time for Focal improved, I don’t cekal, but as they say – you can see on the screen the logo of your laptop or computer manufacturer.
Don’t worry; neither Lenovo, nor Acer, no ASUS, no one would be any other did not buy Ubuntu. It’s just the result of technical change, lower-level designed to improve and simplify the boot process of Linux distributions in General.
13. Pumped app permissions
If you like the application formats “sandbox”, like Flatpak, or Snapcraft, you should fully take advantage of the advanced permissions of the apps that are available via “Settings” > “Applications”.
Here you can, for example, deny the Snap application to use your webcam; or to restrict access Flatpak to your network or anything else.
Just don’t let new found power to control you, right? 😉
14. Desktop icons: a new experience
Since Nautilus is no longer responsible for “rendering” (i.e. a demonstration) icons on the desktop, Ubuntu delivers GNOME to not lose this feature.
Well, half of it works.
Despite its functionality, expanding the “desktop icons” is not perfect, unfortunately, the replacement functions one to another at the moment has already happened.
For example, you cannot drag and drop files from Nautilus directly on your desktop, instead you have to drag and drop files into the folder ~ / Desktop.
But at least we got a quick link to the display Settings!!
15. Advanced settings Night Light
You get more control over function Night Light in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS compared to 18.04.
This feature you can still turn on automatically at sunset (or by choice), but now you can control the overall intensity (“heat”) filter blue light. Play with the slider to determine the most appropriate level.
16. TV app Snap
Plug-in TheSnap for Ubuntu Software already allowed you to choose between stable, beta and experimental builds (“channels”) for many popular apps Snap. 20.04 in all these ways find out, if I may say so.
Instead of having to dive deep into the section information about the package, you will find the channel selector built into the main toolbar, exactly where you need. It also shows the version number for the latest build of each channel.
17. Reorder the search sources
Pressing the super-key is all that is required to access system-wide application search tool files and settings – in 20.04 and you can control the order of appearance of the search (and therefore matching).
Just drag the search sources shown in the menu “Settings”> “Search”, to adjust corresponding rating on the overview screen.
Want to see the corresponding tabs of the terminal, before obscure characters and Emoji? Just move them up.
18. The best feature is that you can’t see, and it is
And last but not least, I must mention the many improvements to memory optimization, CPU, frame rate, input and settings, which appeared in subsequent editions of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS from April 2018.
Although some of the fixes were postponed and version 18.04, but most of them dealt with later. So, if you go straight from the Bionic Beaver, a little something will be for you visually megasociety changes.
What is your favorite feature / change?
Phew! I did it! I began to worry that I will never finish this post because there are literally an infinite number of big and small changes that I would like to discuss.
So now you know a little more about the difference between the LTS and LTS this. I want to know what changes you consider most significant / surprising / revealing – let me know in the comments!