The release of Ubuntu 20.04 with long term support (LTS) users have been looking forward to. After all, this release will be in the spotlight next 5 years. For fans it’s a reason to upgrade, for beginners — motivation to try new things.
The release of Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa was held on 23 April 2020-th year. The next stable version of the operating system named in honor of the fossa, the predator from the island of Madagascar. In this article we’ll talk about where to download and how to install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS on a laptop or personal computer.
- System requirements Ubuntu
- Preparing to install Ubuntu
- Step 1. Downloading the image
- Step 2. Writing the image to a USB flash drive
- Installing Ubuntu 20.04
- Step 1. Start the installer
- Step 2. Booting a Live system
- Step 3. Start the installer
- Step 4. Language selection
- Step 5. The choice of keyboard layouts
- Step 6. Choosing software
- Step 7. Disk layout
- Step 8. Confirm changes to the disk layout
- Step 9. Set the time zone
- Step 10. Create a user account
- Step 11. Installation of the system
- Step 12. Reboot
- Step 13. First login
- Step 14. Connection network accounts
- Step 15. Setting Livepatch
- Step 16. Report on the use of Ubuntu
- Step 18. Software installation
- Step 19. Update apps
System requirements Ubuntu
Compared to the previous version of Ubuntu recommended hardware requirements slightly increased, but still acceptable:
- CPU: 2 cores, frequency at least 2 GHz.
- RAM: at least 4 GB.
- Space on hard disk: at least 25 GB.
- Graphics: VGA with a resolution of at least 1024×768 pixels.
- Reader: the USB port or the CD-ROM drive.
Preparing to install Ubuntu
Before installing a new version of the operating system, you must download the image and burn it to a USB stick.
Step 1. Downloading the image
The distribution can be downloaded from the official Ubuntu website. On release page posted two links: version with graphical user interface — Desktop and server — Server.
We need the desktop version (link on Desktop image). The file containing the distro is called ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso. Download and save it in a folder on a local drive. Please note that we are talking about a 64-bit version. Before you begin the installation, make sure that your computer is able to work with 64-bit systems.
Step 2. Writing the image to a USB flash drive
Before you install the contents of the downloaded file must be recorded on a USB flash drive or DVD.
In order to burn the ISO image to a USB flash drive, we recommend you to use the utility Etcher. Can be downloaded from balena.io is the installer for Windows, Linux and Mac, as well as a portable version that requires no installation.
A program record Etcher is performed as follows: select the desired file, make sure you have the appropriate sized flash drive, click Flash.
In addition to this program we also recommend the utility for Windows — Rufus, you can download it from this website.
After the image with Ubuntu written to the media, you can start the installation.
Installing Ubuntu 20.04
Insert the flash drive into the USB port or place the DVD in the drive, then restart the computer. At startup, select boot from USB or DVD media (depending on the specific computer). Installing Ubuntu 20.04 starts.
Step 1. Start the installer
After the start of the boot media, this screen appears:
This means that booting the installer started. Next, the installer checks the distribution files, the window appear their names.
At the end of test runs graphical shell. The melodious sound on the screen appears a stylized mascot fossa.
Step 2. Booting a Live system
Using the menu on the left side of the window you can select the language of the installer. The program offers to start the system in Live mode or proceed to installation. We recommend you to select the mode to Try Ubuntu.
In this case, the operating system starts completely from the media. If you later install errors they can be corrected.
Step 3. Start the installer
In order to run the installer after downloading, follow these double-click the left mouse button on the icon to Install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS:
Step 4. Language selection
Select the language of the future system and then click Continue:
Step 5. The choice of keyboard layouts
Select a keyboard layout as default and click Continue. If during the installation process you will need to enter Latin characters, you can switch the layout with the keyboard shortcut Alt+Shift or Win+Space.
Step 6. Choosing software
We recommend you to select typical installation, in this case, the installer will install the standard set of applications. If you select Minimum installation, the additional program installed will not. We also recommend to leave enabled the option to Download updates during the installation of Ubuntu — at the end of the installation you might already have important fixes.
Check box to Install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi equipment and additional media formats is an optional extra. When the settings are complete, click Continue.
Step 7. Disk layout
The installer defines whether the disk other operating systems. If not, you can click Install now. The disk will be automatically labeled.
If the drive is already installed Windows, you can choose to Install alongside Windows. In this case, the computer can be loaded with Ubuntu or Windows at will.
If you select Another option, the installer will allow you to perform your own disk layout. This is useful for example when you install Ubuntu on the SSD, in order not to create a swap partition. Read more about manual layout, see Layout of the disk for Linux installation.
Step 8. Confirm changes to the disk layout
The Ubuntu installer in the process of partitioning the actual physical actions drive does not perform, and only shows the project modifications. This is useful if the planned layout is wrong and it needs to change.
Review the list of proposed changes, and then click Continueif you are satisfied. After this step, install Ubuntu 20.04 already started in the background, but you have to configure some more settings.
Step 9. Set the time zone
In order for the system showed the correct time, you need to specify the time zone. This can be done directly on the map by clicking with the left mouse button in the desired area. You can also find and specify the city in the search bar under the map. Selecting the time zone, click Continue.
Step 10. Create a user account
Every user in Ubuntu is running under a separate user account that is created in this step. Enter your name, your computer name, and the name (login) of the user.
Then set the password. The system will suggest a good password you came up with or not. Options in the bottom row set the system to require a password at login or not. When all values are entered, click Continue.
Step 11. Installation of the system
After collecting the required information will be to wait for the installation to complete the operating system Ubuntu.
Step 12. Reboot
After copying files the system is still Live. The installer offers to do a reboot in order to start working with the installed disk operating system. Click Restart to start working with Ubuntu.
The system will prompt you to eject media from the ISO image before rebooting. Remove the flash drive from the port or disk from the DVD drive, then press Enter.
Step 13. First login
The new system begins to boot, displaying a screen with the version.
Once the GUI is loaded, the system will prompt you to choose a user logging on:
If you click the left mouse button on the user name field will appear-enter the password. Enter the password for the account. Show password when typing can be enabled by clicking with the left mouse button on the crossed out eye in the right part of the field.
Step 14. Connection network accounts
After a successful download and registration of the OS user will be asked to do some settings. In the following screenshot, Ubuntu offers to connect an external account services. For example, if you specify a username and password, Google will automatically connect mail, calendar and other services associated with the selected account.
Step 15. Setting Livepatch
For automatic kernel updates without rebooting, Ubuntu offers to connect the service Livepatch. If you click to Use the Livepatch, you will be asked to enter the account password in the service Ubuntu One.
If this account you have not, in this window, you can proceed with registration.
Step 16. Report on the use of Ubuntu
In the next step Ubuntu will ask permission to send computer information to the developers. If you agree with sending the data, just click Next. If not, select No, do not send information about the system and then click Next.
In the penultimate step, the system will ask for permission to detect your location. The default ban. After selecting the desired mode, press the button Next to complete.
Step 18. Software installation
The new version of Ubuntu is installed. The system now offers to open the application Manager and install the desired program. Run it and install the required.
Step 19. Update apps
Since the release of the latest distribution can be updated system or application program. The system will inform about updates and offer to install them. Click Install now to upgrade. Installation Ubuntu 20.04 completed.
In this article, we discussed how to install Ubuntu 20.04 for a personal computer. As you can see, this process is not complicated. The interface has support for Russian language. The installer tells you what to do in each case. The most important settings such as the partitioning, Ubuntu can do yourself. With each release the UI gets closer to the user simpler and easier. We recommend you to perform regular updates, especially in the first months, as they can be for critical bug fixes.