Rosa Linux is a Russian distribution based on Mandriva and developed by NTC it ROSA. The distribution has a version for server and computer. In addition to the free version is certified in FSTEC and Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation distributions. As for desktop environment, officially released build for such environments, like KDE 4, and Plasma 5, LXQT, XFCE.
In this article, we’ll look at how to install Rosa Linux edition for home (Fresh) the latest version (R11). To get into the installer and system preparation.
System requirements Rosa Desktop
Here are the basic system requirements for Rosa desktop KDE Plasma:
- Space on hard disk: 10 GB;
- RAM: 1 GB for 32 bit and 2 GB for 64 bit;
On the official website of the developers report that after starting a 32-bit system takes up to 250 MB of RAM, and 64-bit 300-400MB.
Preparing to install Rosa
1. Downloading the image
The first thing you need to download the image. To do this, open the official website of the program, select the menu item Products, and then select Rosa Fresh:
Click to Download Rosa Fresh, and in the next window, select the desired version:
As I wrote, available version with KDE 4, Plasma 5, XFCE, LXQT. There’s also support for both 32-bit and 64-bit versions.
2. Writing the image to a USB flash drive
To write Rosa on the stick, the developers recommend to use the utility RosaImageWriter. You can download it on the page of the editor’s choice of the distribution.
Here there is a version for Windows, Linux and MacOS. After downloading you need to unpack received archive and run the program RosaImageWriter:
In Linux the program should be run as root. Then under Image select the image Rosa, and under USB Device select the desired device. Then click Write and wait for completion of recording:
3. BIOS setup
When recording the image to a USB flash drive is completed, you can proceed to installation. In the BIOS of your computer you need to set your USB as first device to boot from. To enter the BIOS menu during the BIOS splash screen repeatedly press the Del key, F2, Shift+F2 or F8.
Regardless of whether you have old or new BIOS, you need to find the menu Boot and under Boot Device Priority to install first your USB, then save the settings and exit. The flash drive must be connected to the computer.
Installing Rosa Linux Fresh R11
1. Booting a Live system
Already in the main menu the image, you can select Install ROSA Desktop Fresh R11 and go directly to installing. But I do not recommend to do so. Better to boot from a LiveCD image, and then start the installation. So you will be easier to fix bugs if they arise. Therefore, select Start ROSA…
Then wait for the download system:
2. Language selection
Before you can use the Live environment, you need to configure it a bit. First select the language:
3. License agreement
Read and accept the license agreement:
4. The keyboard layout
Select a keyboard layout and then press the key to switch layouts:
5. Setting the time zone and time
Select the time zone. Menu selection is not very convenient, as there are no values of deviation from GMT:
Then select how you want to save and restore a date between perezagruzka: local time or UTC:
Open tab advanced, you can enable time synchronization with the Internet via NTP server:
6. Start the installer
Only after all these settings, you will be in a Live environment. Here you can see what is the system, run programs and so on. To start the installation, double-click on the icon the Installer in Live mode:
In the first step of the installer, just click Next:
7. The method of partitioning
Here you have two options. Or you can allow the installation to automatically partition the drive and use all the free space, or create the partitions manually:
In this tutorial we are going to partition the drive manually. So choose Manual disk layout.
8. Creating the root partition
To install a Linux distribution on a computer, it is sufficient to only create the root partition. But for ease of use I recommend also to create a home partition. For more detail about the breakdown of the disc read in this article. After choosing a method of marking will be prompted to make a backup copy of the data. Before you continue, click OK:
Then opened the editor sections. Click on free space to highlight it. I have no systems no longer installed, so all the space available:
Then click on the button Ext4 to create a new partition with this file system.
In the settings window section you need to choose its size. For the root partition I recommend taking no less than 20 GB, because it will store all system files, logs and application files. Leave the partition where it is, and the parameter Size in MB set the size of the root partition. As the mount point, you need to select. Then click OK.
9. Creating home partition
You have a root partition. Now let’s create home. To do this, click on a free space so that it becomes highlighted:
And click again to Ext4. The home section is created the same way, just as the mount point, you need to choose /home, and its size is already vybiraite such as you need – there are your files, videos, films, music and everything you will work. You can select all available space.
10. Confirmation of layout
After the layout is complete, click Finished, and then agree with what the partition table will be written to disk:
11. The creation of the paging file
If you have not created the swap partition while partitioning the disk, the utility prompts you to create a swap file. Its size should be at least the size of RAM, if you want to use sleep mode or hibernation.
12. Installation of the system
Wait until the end of unpacking the file and installing:
13. Boot loader installation
Select the drive that you need to install the boot loader and the interval prior to booting with the default item:
By clicking Advanced, you can configure advanced boot loader options:
14. Configure superuser
Enter the password for the root user:
15. Create user
Enter the name, login and password for the user on whose behalf you will use the system:
By clicking Advanced, you can choose the command processor and specify user ID and group manually:
16. The name of the computer
Enter the computer name, it will be displayed in the terminal, but also to other devices in the local network:
In the last step you need to choose the services that will be run by default at system startup:
18. Installation complete
Close the wizard and restart the computer:
Enter the username and password of the user you created during the installation:
Here is the desktop of the newly installed Dew with a graphical environment Plasma 5:
Now you know how to install Rosa Linux Fresh Desktop. This is a pretty good distro from Russian developers. The system is loaded quickly and works well even on a virtual machine. Perhaps I would put it on for some time as the main operating system if I was not a fan of Gnome and Ubuntu. What do you think about Rosa? Write in the comments!