After a few years of development, the release of Debian Buster 10. This release also updates the versions of packages we will also see a few other changes. Now the system can be booted in Live mode from the installation media, and also in this Live mode adds the ability to install with the installer Calamares.
The usual menu-based and graphical Debian installer is still here and available for selection at boot, and Calamares were added for the convenience of newcomers. In this article we will discuss how to perform step-by-step 10 installing Debian using the new installer Calamares.
Minimum system requirements 10 Debian graphical installer are:
- RAM: 512 MB;
- Disk space: 10 GB;
- CPU: Quad-core, 1 GHz;
- Installation media: USB or DVD.
Preparing to install
Step 1. Download the installation image
Debian there are several types of installation images. This is a Netinstall image that contains only the most essential components that complete images containing almost everything, as well as Live images, which you can use to start the system without installation.
To download the full image, open the page repository and download the first disc. Full images contain a huge set of Debian packages needed to install on systems with bad available to the Internet. There are three images, but to install you will need only the first. I wrote about installing from the full image in the article installing Debian 9 since there is almost nothing has changed.
In this article, we will perform the installation from a Live image. For download open this page and select the image with the right environment. I’ll use Gnome.
Step 2. Writing the image to a USB flash drive
To write the image to a USB flash drive you can use the utility Etcher, both in Windows and in Linux, you can simply choose image, then choose USB device and click the Flush:
Step 3. BIOS setup
The next step is to configure the BIOS, you must restart the computer and press Del, Shift+F2, F2 or F8 to enter the setup interface of the BIOS. Here, find the tab Boot. In section Bood Device Priority you need to choose Hard Diskand Hard Disk Priority is to install first your USB flash drive:
It works in a similar way as in the new BIOS and the old but new everything is much easier. Debian installs fine on UEFI, so no additional configuration is needed.
Installing Debian 10 Buster
Step 4. The choice of installation option
As I wrote above, you have several options to choose from. You can boot in Live mode and install the system using Calamares or use the usual Debian installer:
Select the first option.
Step 5. Start the installer
Open the main menu system and click on the favorites bar first point – Calamares:
Step 6. Language selection
Select the language of the future system:
Step 7. Time zone
Select your timezone:
Step 8. The keyboard layout
I advise you to choose English and Russian and then add in the system, otherwise you will not be able to configure the mount point and enter the user name and password:
Step 9. Disk layout
As usual, there are several markup options. You can completely erase the disk and install the system or to partition the drive manually. Consider a manual option:
Step 10. Partition table
If you have an empty disk, you first need to create the partition table. To do this, click New partition table.
Then select the table format, in most cases, you can choose MBR, but if you are installing on a UEFI system, it is better to use a more modern GPT:
Step 11. Creating a topic loader
This section will contain the files of the boot loader and kernel system. To create a partition click on the Available space and click Create. The last time the file loader started to take a lot of space, so reserve under this section is to provide at least 1024 MB. File system is ext4. Then select mount point /boot.
Step 12. Root partition
Similarly we need to create the root partition. Mount point – / file system – ext4, and the size of at least 10 GB, but better 30-50 GB so just enough for all the system files:
Step 13. The swap partition
The swap partition should be the same as the RAM size if you want to use hibernation or if you don’t want, then at least half of RAM and at least four gigabytes. Here the file system needs to choose linuxswap:
Step 14. Home section
Here you will store your files, documents, videos and music, take as long as necessary, usually all the available space. File system – ext4, the mount point is /home:
Step 15. Create user
Enter data for a new user on whose behalf you will use the system:
Step 16. Confirm installation
To test if everything is configured correctly and confirm the installation:
Step 17. Installation
Wait until the installation of Debian is complete Buster 10:
Step 18. Reboot
Restart the computer:
Step 19. Ready
You have to choose user and enter the password you specified during installation and log in the system:
Now you can start to use Debian Buster 10:
In this article we discussed how to install Debian 10 Buster on the computer. The system still need to adjust but she was already completely ready to use. What do you think about the new version of the system? For example, I like the new installer. Will you upgrade? Write in the comments!