Elbrus OS is another Russian operating system based on Linux kernel, developed in the MCST for Elbrus 2000 architecture and SPARC. The architecture of Elbrus characteristics of work which was created this operating system. There is also a revision system for x86 that can be run on a personal computer or a virtual machine.
A few weeks ago the version for x86 was made public and is now available to everyone. In this article we will discuss how to install Elbrus OS on PC or VirtualBox x86.
Preparing to install
All the instructions will be step-by-step, as in the preceding articles of this type.
Step 1. Downloading the image
Currently available version of the system for x86 and x86_64 with kernel 3.14. We will use it. To download, visit the official website MCST and under software, find PDK “Elbrus” for x86. Here select the desired architecture and click the link to Download:
You will be automatically redirected to Yandex disk where you will be able to get the desired images. To install the system we need a way boot.iso. The second image called disk2.iso contains only additional packages.
Step 2. Capture an image and configure BIOS
The write procedure is no different from other distributions. You can use a tool Etcher to burn the image to a USB flash drive in Linux:
Or Rufus in Windows:
Any difficulties should arise. After recording, you need to restart the computer and install only what is recorded on a USB flash drive first in the device list to load.
Install Elbrus OS
Step 3. Start the installer
After reboot, Grub menu is displayed, in which only one item. You need to press Enter to run the installer:
Step 4. The choice of method of installation
Before you open the graphical interface of the installer. Here you can use the following keys:
- Arrows – move;
- Space bar – to select (highlight) the paragraph;
- Enter for depression.
The first step is to choose the installation method. In this guide we will consider a typical installation, so leave item default Setting and press Enter:
Step 5. Installation source
Select the drive where the installer file system. It should be noted sr0, the optical disc drive if you recorded the image to a CD or your flash drive if the installer on the flash drive:
Step 6. Configuring the installation
Here you can change some of the installation steps. For example, you can cancel setting the date during the installation and create a new user. I recommend that you check the item Graphics to a GUI loaded by default at system startup:
Step 7. Setting the date
Select the current date or press Enterif the default date is determined correctly:
Step 8. Time zone
First you need to choose a country or continent. And then your city:
The following window appears with the current time on this timezone, if everything is correct, you can save the settings.
Step 9. Additional packages
Select the additional packages that need to install. Suggest mark all:
Step 10. The choice of kernel components
At this stage you can select which kernel components should be installed. Or you can leave everything default:
Step 11. Breakdown of the disc
Breakdown of the disc is one of the most important steps because if you do it incorrectly, the system can’t be established and have to start all over again. Therefore, if you install Elbrus on a virtual machine, it is better to allow the system to perform automatic partitioning.
For normal operation of the system it is recommended to use 45 GB of disk space:
- /boot – 1024 MB
- The swap partition is 4 GB;
- Root – 20 GB and more;
- /tmp – 10 GB;
- /var – 10 GB.
I think the size of the partitions for /boot, /var, especially /tmp without consequences decrease, but the root partition should be at least 20 gigabytes. To the boot section, too, there is a requirement of the file system is ext2 or ext3. As a result, when the automatic markup will be created by such sections:
Step 12. Manual disk layout
Still, I will say a few words about the manual markup. If you select the Partitioning manually, you will need to choose the hard disk you want to partition:
Then select free space and click Select.
In the opened window it is necessary to specify the size of the future section. At the end of the number, be sure to specify the letter to let the program know which unit size is set, for example, M – megabytes, G – gigabytes:
The next window allows you to choose a file system and mount point. For all sections you can leave ext4, only /boot ext2 need. To create the following partition again select Free space and repeat the procedure. At least you should get two partitions /boot and root.
Step 13. Confirmation of layout
When ready, confirm the preservation of the layout:
Step 14. Network setup
At this stage you can change the settings for the network interfaces:
Step 15. Installation of the system
Wait until the installation is complete, it may take about half an hour:
Step 16. The administrator password
Next you need to enter twice the password of the administrator. It works weird, the password is entered, but not displayed. Just type and press Enter:
Step 17. The user name and password
In the next step you need to enter the username by which you login:
Then type a password, hit Enter and again type the password:
Step 18. Reboot
When the installation of Elbrus OS is complete, click Continue to reboot the computer.
Step 19. Entrance
In the loader select the first item
Then in the login window, enter the name of the previously created user and password:
You will then be taken to the desktop operating system, Elbrus. As a desktop environment uses XFCE:
In this article we discussed how to install Elbrus OS on a virtual machine or computer. Despite the fact that the operating system has only recently emerged, it is quite possible to use, although subjectively, I like Ubuntu. And you used the Elbrus? Write in the comments!