There aren’t too many free, and most importantly — fully functional ON Linux, which would allow video processing if not professionally, then at least average. However, such programs there are and the most popular among them uses a Shotcut.
In this article, you will learn how to install a program in Linux how to use the Shoutcut and the main features of this program and the basic techniques of video editing in it.
- Install Shotcut
- How to use Shotcut
- 1. The program’s interface
- 2. The creation of the project
- 3. Import media
- 4. Use the time Line
- 5. Crop video
- 6. Transitions
- 7. Insert text
- 8. Speed
- 9. Store the result
Shotcut for Linux is distributed as a source tarball, from which, if desired, and the presence of direct hands it is possible to compile a binary file, as well as Appimage document that already contains all necessary libraries and does not require installation as such. Just put it on your desktop or another folder and allow the system to execute it as a program. To do this, open the shortcut menu by right-clicking the mouse on the document icon, go to Properties, tab Right, and then select the checkbox for the corresponding item.
Download Appimage from GitHub | Appimage Download from FossHub
Appimage is a universal file format, so the program is compatible with most 64-bit operating systems on Linux. In particular, developers ensure its functionality on Mint (version 18), Ubuntu (starting with version 16.04), Debian (since version 9), Fedora (since version 24), Arch/Manjaro (version 16.10).
By the way, the video editor Shotcut — cross-platform. Except Linux if you use Windows or MacOS, here you can download installation files for these systems.
How to use Shotcut
To start working in Shotcut no need to Wade through multi-page manuals and a few days in a row to wrestle with the purpose of a function. The program is simple and requires no special knowledge — just understanding basic terms.
1. The program’s interface
Shotcut interface is completely Russified, which is very convenient. The entire window area can be visually divided into six areas:
2. The creation of the project
A project is a file that will result from processing one or more source videos. For example, if you need to cut fifty frames from one file and a hundred and twenty frames from someone else and then link them together, the first thing you should do is to create a new project.
Window creating a new project is automatically opened immediately after starting the program. But it can be invoked later by selecting the Main menu item File, then Newor by pressing the key combination Ctrl+N.
In this window you should:
- to select a folder to save the project (default is the movies folder);
- specify the name of the project;
- if necessary, select video mode.
3. Import media
In order to import to the playlist, single video or a few different, take the following steps:
4. Use the time Line
Time line — it is the same Timeline or, more simply, the timeline is the place where it is cutting rollers into fragments and “glue”. To begin work on the project, you should move at least one video from a playlist on a time Line. To see the time line in Shotcut — just grab the string with the clip with the mouse and drag it to the bottom of the window. The program will automatically create a video track, where video will be shown. If necessary, you can create several tracks, by pressing the “hamburger” on the right under the time Line, and selecting the menu item to Add a video track.
Drag the video to the time Line, you add it to the project completely. But often you need to put in a new video only a small part of the old. To trim all the excess, place the cursor on one of the boundaries of the video it will take the form of bidirectional arrows. Then drag the left border to the right to “cut off” superfluous frames in the beginning of the video or drag the right border to the left to “cut” unnecessary footage at the end of the video. If in some place cut off more than desired, move the cursor there and drag the border in the opposite direction.
Ensure that the edges of two adjacent video do not overlap each other. Also pay attention to the gaps between videos, which are formed after cutting of one of the rollers. Drag each individual video on the time Line to position it the way you want.
5. Crop video
Shotcut allows you to crop the video in three different ways: in the source, in a circle in a rectangle. In order to use this option, look at the time Line the video you want to crop, select it by double clicking the left mouse button and move to the working zone 3. Select the tab Filters and click the green button “+”, which will appear a little higher. After that, you will see a list of available filters. Look for it in the Cropping , and select the necessary cropping.
But that’s not all. Now I have to play with the settings crop the video to have acquired the desired look. You can change the size of the cropped region, and in some cases its color.
If you put video on the time Line close to each other, when playing the output file transfer between the fragments is too harsh. To smooth it you can use the same name option in the video editor.
For a start I will post a video with a small overlap — the size will determine the duration of the transition. In a place where there is overlap, the icon will appear as colored triangles.
There are many types of transitions. In Shotcut the default transition dissolves (one image merges with the other). If you want you can change it, hover over the icon with the triangle and click the right mouse button. On the shortcut menu, click Properties and open the drop-down list in the row Video.
7. Insert text
Another useful option in the program Shotcut — paste the text. If you want to write something on the image, place the cursor on the video is on the timeline, and then double-click the left mouse button. Then move the cursor to the working area 3 and go to the tab Filters. Then click “+” (Add filter). In the list of filters in the tab Video find the Text and select the text that you want to see in your video.
Next, type the text, select the color, size and kind of font. By default, the text appears exactly in the center of the image, move it up or down by dragging the slider next to the Vertical. To move left or right — dragging the slider near the point of Horizontal.
If the video shows any monotonous process that takes much time, so as not to bore the audience, this video should be accelerated. This is done in three clicks — just select the clip on the time Line (double click with the left mouse button) to open the Properties to specify the desired playback speed. For example, to speed the video up to eight times, you need to cast the value parameter to the form 8,000000.
However, the above-described method is good if you want to speed up the whole movie. But sometimes the need arises to change the playback speed of a particular piece. In this case, proceed as follows:
Regardless of whether you change the playback speed of your videos or fragment, on the Line of time is formed the gap. Don’t forget to move the adjacent clips so that they are located closely.
9. Store the result
When all the rollers are arranged and edited, it’s time to save your work. Let’s see how to save videos in Shotcut. In Shotcut, as in most other editors, preservation of the output file is called export. And what is called conservation, is just a record of the changes made to the draft.
To export the result to a video file, go to the Main menu ➞ File ➞ Export video or use the shortcut Ctrl+E. By default, the program can create a file in the MP4 format consisting of a H. 264 video track and AAC audio track. You have the option to change these values, go to the Advanced export mode.
Putting all the necessary settings, click Export and confirm the settings save the file. The progress of the export can be monitored in the left part of the window.
To avoid wasting time looking for a ready file in the bowels of the file system, click the hamburger that is on the bottom next to the button Pause. In the opened contextual menu, select Show in folder.
Our instruction came to an end. Opportunities video editor Shotcut is hardly enough for the installation of complete video clips or movies. However, this program is suitable for those who are engaged in blogging, record a small video podcasts or wants to put in order his collection of video recordings made on vacation. If any aspects of the Shotcut remained unclear to you, feel free to ask questions in the comments.