We continue to talk about graphical environments GNU/Linux. We were talking about KDE (Plasma Desktop), GNOME, MATE, Xfce, and LXDE — top five DE in the free software world. On queue one more prominent player on this site! It can be said, a novice, but ambitious enough. His name — LXQt.
LXQtas the KDE Plasma Desktop uses Qt instead of GTK+. It’s hard enough “in common” these graphic environment. LXQt, by the way, a whole environment, not just a Desk, why not have it sometimes you don’t really understand.
LXQt LXQt 0.10.0 History
It all began with attempts LXDE on Qt: already familiar to us, Mr. Hong Jen Yee announced the port 3 Jul 2013. A little later, July 21, there was another prominent event, namely the message about the unification of the efforts of the project Razor-qt and LXDE to create a new DE based on Qt.
As described above the vicissitudes of the times led to the emergence of LXQt, whose first release version of 0.7.0 was held on 7 may 2014. That is, a graphical environment will soon be five years that you will agree, quite a bit, especially compared with “giants” such as KDE and GNOME.
LXQt version 0.6.99, peregrelsya
It is perhaps worth adding that the said project Razor-qt was interesting enough in itself, but the “bent” with the advent of LXQt, as of now “bent” and LXDE. In the screenshot below you can see what he looked like. Many design ideas were carried over by inheritance, and in LXQt.
Razor-qt on Linux Mint 12
But back to the story… Although we actually already have considered. Yeah, that’s it — short and to the point!
In fact, in the retelling of some subtle developments, I just don’t see the point, but “loud” there and did not due to the novelty of the LXQt.
Version Of LXQt
Since version 0.8.0 (October 13, same 2014) the developers have added to LXQt fully compatible with Qt5. It is since this version can talk about any current stage of development of LXQt.
The LXQt Logo
In the future, from version to version, developers have improved (and improve) its offspring. In the middle of last year, in version 0.13 added full support for Qt 5.11, and at the beginning of the current, for example, – the combat LXQt 0.14, in which some global changes, but it is quite significantly improves the performance of this DE.
And so — from version to version. The development of the shell begins.
And what about today?
LXQt in its current form appears to us in the form of what is sometimes buggy, but indeed a promising project. Now even Lubuntu, one of the editions popular among home users of Ubuntu, with LXDE “jumped” on LXQt.
Dispelling the myths about the “fearfulness” XLQt…
In the eyes of a normal user, the typical appearance of GNU/Linux with LXQt is a mixture of motives LXDE and Razor-qt. Quite unprepossessing shell, although with many features. It is minimalist and faith to the ideals of “the good old” Linux s early-mid two-thousand years.
LXQt is positioned as an easy working environment, but compared to LXDE, it eats away almost twice as much hardware resources (RAM and CPU).
LXQt in Debian GNU/Linux (unstable). Minimalism!
As of the release date of the article is relevant is the version of LXQt 0.14.1.
To “check out” LXQt is possible on most modern distributions. Below you will see how to install it to your system, however I advise you to download and take for a drive or live mode, or on a virtual machine Lubuntu. This OS will allow you to a deep enough extent to feel LXQt.
Also visit the official website LXQt: there’s all sorts of Goodies, and even a list of distributions that support LXQt officially (however, this does not mean that a graphical environment can never “pull” on other systems!).
A screenshot from the official website LXQtКак to install LXQt
1. Debian GNU/Linux and Ubuntu
In order to install LXQt in Debian GNU/Linux, just run:
sudo apt install lxqt -y
Here’s a list of packages included with LXQt in Debian GNU/Linux (“Buster”):
The list of available Debian 10 XLQt packages
In Ubuntu there is, as we already know, a revision of the system with LXQt — Lubuntu. You can download it from official developers website, and the link below (if the version of the system, it is specified at the time of reading these lines is still relevant).
Download Lubuntu 18.10 (ISO 64 bit)
Download Lubuntu 18.10 (ISO 32 bit)
But in regular Ubuntu you can install LXQt. It is in the repositories. To do this, use a command similar to that for Debian GNU/Linux:
sudo apt install lxqt -y
2. Fedora Linux
For the family of Fedora-like systems to install LXQt in Fedora Linux allows team:
sudo dnf groupinstall lxqt
3. Arch Linux and Arch-like distributions
LXQt is available in standard repositories of Arch Linux. AUR to install LXQt is not necessary, but it can be useful if you intend to extend the functionality of this graphical environment.
To install LXQt Arch-like distribution, as in Arch Linux, run:
sudo pacman -S lxqt
Please note! Some popular Arch-like distros have the version with LXQt. I advise you to pay attention to Manjaro Linux DE with this because it looks really cool! Check that your fork of Arch Linux supports LXQt too?
Qt is a very interesting Toolkit for the development of desktop environments, LXQt and, as KDE Plasma Desktop, confirms this.
To the first version (1.0) LXQt for a long time, therefore the environment is still quite fresh. Perhaps this can be explained by a high (for such a simple graphical environment) consumption of computer resources. Yes, with the translation on Lubuntu LXDE LXQt subst is no longer necessary to talk about Lubuntu as “a system for the weak iron” old computers “swallow” LXQt rather reluctantly.
LXQt almost “pure” form
But with all this I remain a staunch optimist.
I am sure that in the future — for Qt, because it potentially allows to create many beautiful things.
In the next article I will tell you about Cinnamon and Budgie (two in one), and this is a series about the graphical environment offer to conclude the main ones of interest to beginners and enthusiasts, we have reviewed, and to go in some jungle, talking about the Englightment or something even less popular, does not make sense.
And what about LXQt? Do you find it interesting? Are you using it? Please share your impressions in the comments!
Image: from open sources