Convert VMware virtual machine -> VirtualBox Unix/Linux

To be honest, I like VMware more than VirtualBox, but the license I don’t want to buy for home use. According to this, the choice was to switch from VMware Fusion to VirtualBox. For this case, I had to register on the official website, fill in the details. But once I download failed, there were difficulties and I had to contact support. Support solved this issue for about a week, but everything was solved and I was able to download the DMG to your Mac.

Convert VMware virtual machine -> VirtualBox on MacOS

To get started, go to the official website and download a utility called “ovftool”.

To install DMG on MacOS through the CLI, you can:

Install dmg packages using CLI (command line) to MacOS X

Mount dmg images through the CLI (command line) to MacOS X

If you use a Mac, the utility will be installed in the following path:

/Applications/VMware OVF Tool/ovftool

To get help, run:

$ /Applications/VMware OVF Tool/ovftool -h Usage: ovftool [options] <source> [<target>] where <source>: Source URL locator to an OVF package, VMX file, or virtual machine in vCenter or on ESX Server. <target>: Target URL locator which specifies either a file location, or a location in the vCenter inventory or on an ESX Server. If <target> is not specified, information about the source is displayed to the console. Options: --acceptAllEulas : Accept all end-user licenses agreements without being prompted. --allowAllExtraConfig : Whether we allow all the ExtraConfig options. These options are a security risk as they control low-level and unsafe potential options on the VM. --allowExtraConfig : Whether we allow ExtraConfig options. These options are a security risk as they control low-level and unsafe potential options on the VM. --annotation : Add annotation to vi, vmx, vapprun, vCloud, OVF, and OVA source locators --authdPortSource : Use this to override default vmware authd port (902) when using a host as source. --authdPortTarget : Use this to override default vmware authd port (902) when using a host as target. --chunkSize : Specifies the chunk size to use for files in a generated OVF package. The default is not to chunk. The chunk size without unit is assumed to be in megabytes. Accepted units are b, kb, mb, gb; e.g., 2gb or 100kb. --compress : Compress the disks in an OVF package. Value must be between 1 and 9. 1 is the fastest, but gives the worst compression, whereas 9 is the slowest, but gives the best compression. --computerName : Sets the computer name in the guest for a VM using the syntax --computerName:<VM ID>=<value>. Only applies to vCloud targets of version 5.5 or newer. --coresPerSocket : Specifies the distribution of the total number of CPUs over a number of virtual sockets using the syntax --coresPerSocket:<VM ID>=<value>. Only applies to vCloud targets of version 5.5 or newer. -ds/--datastore : Target datastore name for a VI locator. --decodeBase64 : Decode option values with Base64. --defaultStorageProfile : The storage profile for all VMs in the OVF package. The value should be an SPBM profile ID. Only applies to VI targets of version 5.5 or newer. --defaultStorageRawProfile : The storage profile for all VMs in the OVF package. The value should be raw SPBM profile. The value will overwrite that in --defaultStorageProfile. Only applies to VI targets of version 5.5 or newer. --deploymentOption : Selects what deployment option to use (if the source OVF package supports multiple options.) --disableVerification : Skip validation of signature and certificate. -dm/--diskMode : Select target disk format. Supported formats are: monolithicSparse, monolithicFlat, twoGbMaxExtentSparse, twoGbMaxExtentFlat, seSparse (VI target), eagerZeroedThick (VI target), thin (VI target), thick (VI target), sparse, and flat --diskSize : Sets the size of a VM disk in megabytes using the syntax --diskSize:<VM ID>,<disk instance ID>=<value>. Only applies to vCloud targets of version 5.5 or newer. --eula : EULA to be inserted in the first virtual system or virtual system collection in the OVF. If the EULA is in a file, use the option [email protected]=filename instead. --exportDeviceSubtypes : Enables export of resource subtype for CD/Floppy/Parallel/Serial devices. This can limit portability as not all device backings are supported on all hypervisors. The default is false. --exportFlags : Specifies one or more export flags to control what gets exported. The supported values for the VI sources are mac, uuid, and extraconfig. Supported value for vCloud sources are preserveIdentity. One or more options can be provided, separated by commas. --extraConfig : Sets an ExtraConfig element for all VirtualHardwareSections. The syntax is --extraConfig:<key>=<value>. Applies to vi, vmx, vapprun, vCloud, ovf, and ova source locators. --fencedMode : If a parent network exists on the target vCloud, this property specifies the connectivity to the parent. Possible values are bridged, isolated, and natRouted. -h /--help : Prints this message. --hideEula : In OVF probe mode, hides the EULA. --ipAllocationPolicy : IP allocation policy for a deployed OVF package.Supported values are: dhcpPolicy, transientPolicy, fixedPolicy, fixedAllocatedPolicy. --ipProtocol : Select what IP protocol to use (IPv4, IPv6). --lax : Relax OVF specification conformance and virtual hardware compliance checks. Use only if you know what you are doing. --locale : Selects locale for target. --machineOutput : Output OVF Tool messages in a machine friendly manner. --makeDeltaDisks : Build delta disk hierarchy from the given source locator. --maxVirtualHardwareVersion : The maximal virtual hardware version to generate. --memorySize : Sets the memory size in megabytes of a VM using the syntax --memorySize:<VM ID>=<value>. Only applies to vCloud targets of version 5.5 or newer. -n /--name : Specifies target name (defaults to source name). --net : Set a network assignment in the deployed OVF package. A network assignment is set using the syntax --net:<OVF name>=<target name>. If the target is vCloud 5.5 or newer, a fence mode can also be specified using the syntax --net:<OVF name>=<target name>,<fence-mode>. Fence mode Possible values are: bridged, isolated, and natRouted. -nw/--network : Target network for a VI deployment. --nic : Specifies NIC configuration in a VM using the syntax --nic:<VM ID>,<index>=<OVF net name>,<isPrimary>,<ipAddressingMode>,<ipAddress>. Possible values for ipAddressingMode are: DHCP, POOL, MANUAL, and NONE. ipAddress is optional and should only be used when ipAddressingMode is set to MANUAL. Only applies to vCloud targets of version 5.5 or newer. --noDisks : Disable disk conversion. --noImageFiles : Do not include image files in destination. --noSSLVerify : Skip SSL verification for VI connections. --numberOfCpus : Sets the number of CPUs for a VM using the syntax --numberOfCpus:<VM ID>=<value>. Only applies to vCloud targets of version 5.5 or newer. -o /--overwrite : Force overwrites of existing files. --powerOffSource : Ensures a VM/vApp is powered off before importing from a VI source. --powerOffTarget : Ensures a VM/vApp is powered off before overwriting a VI target. --powerOn : Powers on a VM/vApp deployed on a VI target. --privateKey : Sign OVF package with the given private key (.pem file). The file must contain a private key and a certificate. --privateKeyPassword : Password for the private key. Should be used in conjunction with the privateKey if the private key requires password authentication. If required and not specified, the tool will prompt for the password. --prop : Set a property in the deployed OVF package. A property is set using the syntax --prop:<key>=<value>. --proxy : Proxy used for HTTP[S] access. --proxyNTLMAuth : Enable NTLM authentication for proxy. -q /--quiet : No output to screen except errors. --schemaValidate : Validate OVF descriptor against OVF schema. --shaAlgorithm : Select SHA digest algorithm when creating the OVF package. Supported values are SHA1, SHA256 and SHA512. Default value is SHA256. --skipManifestCheck : Skip validation of OVF package manifest. --skipManifestGeneration : Skip generation of OVF package manifest. --sourcePEM : File path to PEM formatted file used to verify connections VI. --sourceSSLThumbprint : SSL fingerprint of the SOURCE. OVF Tool verifies the SSL fingerprint it gets from SOURCE if the value is set. -st/--sourceType : Explicitly express that source is OVF, OVA, VMX, VI, vCloud, ISO, FLP, vApprun --sslCipherList : Use this to override default OpenSSL ciphers suite. --sslVersion : Use this to set preferred TLS/SSL version for HTTPS connections. The valid values are as the following: TLSv1_0: Set preferred TLS/SSL version to TLSv1.0. TLSv1_1: Set preferred TLS/SSL version to TLSv1.1. TLSv1_2: Set preferred TLS/SSL version to TLSv1.2. --storageProfile : Sets the storage profile for a VM using the syntax --storageProfile:<VM ID>=<value>. Only applies to vCloud targets of version 5.5 or newer. --targetPEM : File path to PEM formatted file used to verify connections VI. --targetSSLThumbprint : SSL fingerprint of the TARGET. OVF Tool verifies the SSL fingerprint it gets from TARGET if the value is set. -tt/--targetType : Explicitly express that the target is OVF, OVA, VMX, VI, vCloud, ISO, FLP, vApprun --vCloudTemplate : only Create a vApp template. Default value is false --vService : vService Set a assignment in the deployed OVF package. A vService assignment is set using the syntax --vService:<dependencyId>=<providerId>. --verifyOnly : Do not upload the source but only verify it against the target host. VI 4 Applies to targets only. -v /--version : Prints the version of this tool. --viCpuResource : Specify the CPU resource settings for the VI-locator targets. The syntax is --viCpuResource=<shares>:<reservation>:<limit>. --viMemoryResource : Specify the CPU resource settings for the VI-locator targets. The syntax is --viMemoryResource=<shares>:<reservation>:<limit>. -vf/--vmFolder : Target VM folder in VI inventory (relative to datacenter). For more help, type: --help <topic>, where topics are: locators : For detailed source and destination locator syntax examples : For examples of use config : For syntax of configuration files debug : For debug purpose integration : For a list of options primarily used when ovftool is exec'ed from another tool or shellscript.

The usage is pretty simple, for example I used:

$ /Applications/VMware OVF Tool/ovftool /Users/captain/VirtualBox VMs/Windows 7/Windows 7 x64.vmwarevm/Windows 7 x64.vmx /Users/captain/VirtualBox VMs/Windows 7/Windows 7/windows_7.ovf Opening VMX source: /Users/captain/VirtualBox VMs/Windows 7/Windows 7 x64.vmwarevm/Windows 7 x64.vmx Opening OVF target: windows_7.ovf Writing OVF package: windows_7.ovf Disk progress: 5%

In the folder where exported files will appear the file. Click on the file with “*.ovf” (I windows_7.ovf):

Watch what you want to import, if I change and click on “Import”. Importing took 2 minutes I have for Windows 7.

With the advent of 64-bit OS in Makos has become more difficult to use the old utility. New is also not easy to find for free. According to this, I had to go with VMware…

Convert VMware virtual machine -> VirtualBox on Linux

In principle all the same as I did in Makos only have to download binary file for Linux and. If someone there is a difficulty — you can help! Write in the comments the errors that occurred and at the first opportunity — I will unsubscribe.

That’s all the article “Converting VMware virtual machine -> VirtualBox Unix/Linux” is completed.

Source: linux-notes.org

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