With each new release of Ubuntu is becoming friendlier to the user. In order to install the latest version of 20.04 only need to follow the prompts of the installer, else the system will do on their own. Included will be a mail program, browser, office Suite, app store, players etc.
Like any other operating system, each user can configure Ubuntu to your liking, add the desired program to change the shell appearance and behavior of the system. In this article we will show how to setup Ubuntu 20.04 after installation, to add drivers, change themes and install any additional software.
- Configuring Ubuntu 20.04 after installation
- Step 1. Desktop background
- Step 2. Additional repositories
- Step 3. Automatic update of kernel-Livepatch
- Step 4. Install drivers
- Step 5. System update
- Step 6. Installing codecs for multimedia playback
- Step 7. Install flash player
- Step 8. Install Gnome Tweak Tool
- Step 9. Configuring switching layouts
- Step 10. Install extensions Gnome
- Step 11. Automatic logon
- Step 12. Disable lock screen
- Step 13. Install frequently-used programs
Configuring Ubuntu 20.04 after installation
Step 1. Desktop background
Immediately after installing desktop looks at us fossa is the mascot of Ubuntu 20.04. In order to install on your desktop a different image, just right click anywhere on your desktop. On the shortcut menu, select Change background.
In the window that appears ready background image. To select your favorite image by clicking the left mouse button on the smaller copy. In addition, to perform the same operation using the button Add image you can open the folder Image and select a file already from it.
Step 2. Additional repositories
In the search bar menu to Show the application type in the word “program”:
Then run plugin Programs and updates, click Software Ubuntu. Check the boxes Free and free software support Canonical (main), Free and free software support community (universe), the Proprietary drivers for devices (restricted) and Programs that are restricted by patents or laws (multiverse):
Switch to the tab Other software and check Canonical Partners. This action will require entering the password of the user.
Step 3. Automatic update of kernel-Livepatch
On the tab Updates you can enable automatic kernel updates without rebooting, if it was not done during the installation phase. You will need the account login Ubuntu.
To enter, click to Enter. In the pop-up window, click to Login or register.
Open the window user authorization to connect to the portal Ubuntu. If the record already has Ubuntu One, enter your previously registered as a login email address and specify a password for your account. If the account is not, select the option to Register a new account. Launches the browser and navigates to the page login.ubuntu.com where you can register.
After you register or log in to Ubuntu One feature Livepatch (update) will be activated. If you checked the box to Display the status of Livepatch at the top panel, the top of the screen will appear the icon with the image of shield.
Step 4. Install drivers
When you go to the tab Additional drivers , the system will start searching for drivers. As soon as the available drivers are found, they will appear in the list. Tick those that you plan to install, and click Apply changes. After the System asks you to enter your user password and install the selected drivers.
We highly recommend you to install proprietary drivers for devices. It is unlikely that you yourself will refuse to install the more advanced drivers for all your hardware working correctly and more sensitive to the realities of the present.
Step 5. System update
The work on the operating system continues after the release of the official release. Security updates are released, fix bugs, fine-tuned function. Therefore, the installed OS should be periodically updated.
For starters, update the list of repositories with the command:
sudo apt update
Then update the packages with the command:
sudo apt upgrade
Step 6. Installing codecs for multimedia playback
Such codecs are not installed automatically due to licensing restrictions. In order to manually install them, run the command:
sudo apt install ubuntu-restricted-extras libavcodec-extra libdvd-pkg
Step 7. Install flash player
Part of web sites still use Adobe Flash, so the corresponding player nice to have in the system. To install run the following command:
sudo apt install adobe-flashplugin
Step 8. Install Gnome Tweak Tool
Configuring Ubuntu 20.04 after the installation continues. Then recommend installing the Gnome-tweak-tool-containing Supplement for tuning the Gnome shell. This is done with the command:
sudo apt install gnome-tweak-tool
The installed program can be found by typing in the search bar the word “gnome”. The app is called DOP. settings GNOME.
You can also invoke this module, with the command terminal and running this command:
The program allows you to configure the top panel icons, select the theme, set font size, set hot keys, etc.
Step 9. Configuring switching layouts
In order to change the keyboard shortcut for switching keyboard layouts, you need to start the module DOP. settings GNOME.
In the opened window, select the menu item Keyboard and mouse, then click on the advanced settings layout. Opens a list of options in which to find the drop-down group of options, Switching to a different layout. In the expanded group, select the desired option.
Step 10. Install extensions Gnome
In order to install the extension to start to add to the system control component. In the terminal run the command:
chrome sudo apt install gnome-shell
Then open Firefox (it is already in the system) and navigate to: extensions.gnome.org. Click on the link Click here to install browser extension.
Click Continue installation in the pop-up window, the browser will establish a addition.
Now, in order to set interested in the extension, just go to the page of this extension and move the mouse with the switch in position On.
The screenshot shows an example of installation of the extension, OpenWeather. Weather information is now displayed on the top panel of the shell. Other useful additions:
- User Themes – customize the Gnome;
- Pomodoro – module time management;
- Caffeine – blocking screensaver and sleep mode while watching video;
- Clipboard Indicator – indicator and past in it as a record of the history copy.
Step 11. Automatic logon
If you work in an office, the password for the login should be put mandatory in order to avoid unauthorized access to company data. Home such precautions are unnecessary. The login can be disabled. Go to the module Settings (it should look):
Then in the left part of the window click on the menu item Users:
Select the user for which you want to enable automatic logon without entering the password. Before you change the setting, it should unlock. Click Unlock and enter your password.
Then, drag the switch Automatic entrance to the right. Login password requested is no longer.
Step 12. Disable lock screen
Lock screen is also one of the security measures required on the job. The feature can be disabled. In the module Settings , find the menu item Tonfidentiality and click on it with the mouse. In the opened submenu, select Lock screen.
Toggle Automatic screen lock in position Off. You can also disable the Lock screen in standby mode.
Step 13. Install frequently-used programs
With each new release of the app center updated with new programs. For most users there is no need to install the packages manually from the command line terminal.
The icon to launch the Ubuntu Software located on the application bar, it can be also found by searching for the word “software”.
In the main window of the application center contains three tabs. The first shows the popular and new programs on the second list of installed modules, the third updates. At the bottom of the screen there is a list of categories of programs.
To locate the program, click on the magnifying glass in the upper left corner. Then type the name in the opened search box.
If you click on the icon of the application window will open with a description, screenshots and user reviews.
To install the program click Install, then confirm the operation using the user’s password. The program will be installed.
After you install the new window you will see the button to Remove. If the program is not needed, use this button to remove it.
Using the application center you can install other applications, for example:
- messenger Skype;
- the messenger Telegram;
- graphics editor GIMP;
- the Chromium browser etc.
Tastes and user habits are different, so basic Ubuntu contains a minimal set of programs. For someone this will be enough, other users will want to extend the functionality, to set your own programs or to customize numerous settings of the OS. In this article, we covered how to configure Ubuntu after installation. As you can see, the steps are quite simple and do not require special knowledge and skills.