KDE Plasma is one of the most popular if not the most popular desktop environment for Linux. Tastes I will not argue it depends on your preferences, user experience and system requirements.
Today I’ll discuss configuring KDE Plasma 5 and take for example the spin of Fedora-KDE-30. In Fedora used the February version of KDE 5.15. In June, has released a new version 5.16 it can be found in these distributions: Arch Linux, openSUSE Tumbleweed KDE or neon.
Configuring the KDE Plasma
1. Initial setup
Immediately after installation, the system will look approximately so:
First configure kde after installation. In any installed system I always set up the power supply, update the system, add the missing language packs, configure the keyboard layout and only then proceed to General setup. Updated:
sudo dnf upgrade
Look and install the desired language packs:
sudo dnf install langpacks-EN
Next, open: system Settings:
Selectable power Management:
Remove checkboxes from saving after every change don’t forget to click: Apply
Select input Device: a custom keyboard layout to your taste, also don’t forget after changes press Apply. You can also configure the mouse and touchpad under.
Additionally, you can disable the screen lock.
At this preliminary setup is complete, now configure KDE Plasma 5.
2. Customizing toolbars
KDE Plasma – panel Linux environment. It is often used layouts layout with one panel, two panels or panel with Doc. And in other environments, the panel used essentially the same layouts.
By default, as we saw earlier has one standard panel, it contains widgets, such as Mmenu launch applications, Switch desktops, the taskbar, Clock and System tray. The control settings are to the right and above the(sub) panel.
Panels are containers for widgets. The widgets in turn can be added from the settings pane or the context menu of the desktop. They can work on the panel dock and on the desktop. Here’s an example I installed the widget Board application by using the context menu of the desktop to Add widgets directly to your desktop.
To add a new pane to open the context menu of the desktop by pressing the right mouse button and select Add panel from the menu. It has three panels: the Standard panel Blank panel – no widgets and a panel Line global menu(application menu bar).
Widgets are added to a panel from the settings menu panel.
Panel and Desk can be locked to prevent changes to them by negligence. When desktop is locked, the settings button on the panel will be hidden. To set up the panel, it is necessary to unlock, otherwise the context menu is used to set up panel will be unavailable.
Lock button is Lock widgets , click the more settings pane or via context menu of the panel. If the panel is locked, can be unlocked choosing Unlock widgets from the context menu of the desktop
3. Layouts desktop
First I’ll install a few widgets and try to consider a few different layouts desktop:
sudo dnf install latte-dock appmenu-qt
Latte Dock can be run from the run Menu applications. Settings Latte Dock are invoked as well as in other popular dock Plank by pressing the right mouse button at the base of the dock via the context menu of the desktop.
I’m going to use as a dock, appmenu-qt will need to panel Line the global menu.
4. The layout of the panel with Doc
We first consider the layout of the panel with Doc. First I remove the initial Standard panel. Then add the top bar line of the global menu. Install such widgets: a Menu of running applications (your choice), task Bar (at its discretion), System tray, Digital clock. Add separator and place the panel Menu of running applications to the left, else to the right. Also from the bottom(from the side) will include Latte Dock, you can configure it to your taste (my layout).
In the end, I got the layout with the top bar in the style global menu. Quite popular among the fans of “Apple” of the system.
In addition Latte Dock can be used without a panel with the settings of the Unity layout or layout Plasma. The developers don’t recommend it. Yes, and I wouldn’t “put all your eggs in one basket”. But as an option, why not consider it.
Here I got a layout similar to gnome.
And here I do not really understand what happened. But eats a lot of memory, although it might need fine tuning.
4. The layout with two panels
There is still quite a popular layout with two panels. The upper is used as an information, side is used as a dock. Here I put the left(or right) Blank panel. Will also install such widgets: a Menu of running applications (your choice), a Panel run. It is possible to pin shortcuts to frequently used applications. The second Blank panel adds at the top, edit the size. It will install the widgets, task Bar, System tray, Digital clock. You can even to your taste add different information widgets. Insert the divider and place the widgets on the panel.
In the end, I got another two panel layout of the desktop. Earlier I often used it in different environments.
5. Layout with one panel
And the last is the usual layout with a single panel (maybe with hotkey?), probably the most popular. To your taste custom any panel and it could look something like this:
You can, for example, to add your most frequently used applications on the panel.
The result was one socket, though, and “trendy”. There is nothing to add with it I think, and so everything is familiar.
In conclusion, I will summarize. It is clear that all this is only a small part. After you can continue to configure the KDE desktop by itself. To change themes, icons, effects, transparency. To configure the room to optimize memory consumption and much more. As you can see the settings in KDE very much, nothing was “nailed”. Everything is set up and maintained, to describe them all is not enough one article, and there is a KDE Wiki.
I only described a small part of them. Gave attention to possible options in the build panel of the desktop. What decisions and settings are you using? Share in the comments their “secrets” system and desktop settings. Linux users I think it would be useful to learn something new for yourself.
Learn more about settings can be found on the websites: https://kde.org/, https://kde.org/plasma-desktop, https://userbase.kde.org/Tutorials.